In the Middle Ages, this site was believed to have been the Tomb of Romulus. This event is portrayed on the bronze entrance doors to St Peter’s Basilica and also in a Giotto triptych in the Vatican Museums.
This church was built in 1566 as a replacement for an earlier church that was completely destroyed by cannon fire at Castel Sant’Angelo during the Sack of Rome (1527). The earlier church was demolished during the pontificate of Pius IV (1559-1565) to clear the line of fire for the cannons of the Castel Sant’ Angelo.
This is the only church in Rome whose cupola is without a drum. The reason for this was to not obstruct the gunners of Castel Saint Angelo during a crisis so the artillery could exercise shooting on the Gianicolo Hill.
On the third chapel on the left, observe the two columns that are considered to be the columns that St. Peter and St. Paul were bound to before their their martyrdom in the circus of Nero. The third chapel has a “Flagellazion of Saints Peter and Paul” by Ricci.
The main altar by Carlo Fontana, has 8 slender red marble columns and a baldachin over the venerated Carmelite image of the Virgin.
Santa Maria in Traspontina (or Transpontina) is a Carmelite church in Rome, Italy. The main altar (1674) was designed by Carlo Fontana. The statues around the altar are by Alessandro Rondoni, Giacomo Antonio Lavaggi, Vincenzo Felici, and Michel Maille.
Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com
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