How to Decipher the Eternal City of Rome

Piazza della Bocca della Verità - Street sign ...

Piazza della Bocca della Verità – Street sign in Rome R. XII, Italy. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The interior of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church

The interior of the Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church

The Santa Maria in Cosmedin Church (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

050424-010FontanaAllaBoccaDellaVerita

050424-010FontanaAllaBoccaDellaVerita (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The belltower of S. Maria in Cosmedin towers o...

The belltower of S. Maria in Cosmedin towers over the fountain like a medieval skyscraper. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

ROME is the Eternal City;  her history is complex and spans 2763 years. It was the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.

Christian Rome can be witnessed in the Vatican City and  the Patriarchal Basilicas: San Giovanni in Laterano, Santa Maria Maggiore and St. Paul Outside the Walls, as well as the Catacombs.

To understand why Rome is the Etenal City, visit four principle areas:

English: Temple of Venus (Rome) in the Forum R...

Image via Wikipedia

1. Imperial Rome contains the splendors of the Roman Emperors. Many of the Imperial Sites are visible from the Capital including: the Colosseum, the Imperial Forums, the Forum Romanum (Foro Romano); the Palatine (Palatino), the Domus Aurea, the Pantheon and Circus Maximus.

Though in ruins, the Flavian Amphitheatre, now...

Though in ruins, the Flavian Amphitheatre, now known as the Colosseum, still stands today (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Roma-santa maria in trastevere

Image via Wikipedia

2. Tour Medieval Rome. Visit TrastevereSanta Maria in Trastevere; the Basilica Santa Cecilia; Santa Maria in Cosmedin with la “Bocca della verità”; and San Clemente.

Roma - Piazza Bocca della verità-fontana

Roma – Piazza Bocca della verità-fontana (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Deutsch: Die La Bocca della Verità (Mund der W...

Deutsch: Die La Bocca della Verità (Mund der Wahrheit) in Rom English: La Bocca della Verità (the Mouth of Truth) in Rome Français : La Bocca della Verità à Rome Italiano: La Bocca della Verità a Roma (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Part of the colonnade of Piazza San Pietro wit...

Image via Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. The Florentine Renaissance moved to Rome at the end of the 1400s. The popes where art patrons who embellished the city with magnificent art and architecture. They built churches: San Pietro in Montorio with the Tempietto del Bramante;  Santa Maria della Pace with frescoes by Raphael. Existing churches were renovated; Santa Maria in Aracoeli had a face-lift by Pinturicchio and Donatello. Royal palaces were built: Palazzo Farnese, Palazzo della Cancelleria, and Villa Farnesina. The piazzas were embellished, the Campidoglio became one of  Michelangelo‘s Roman masterpieces.
Tour The Vatican City: Visit St. Peter’s; St. Peters Square and the Vatican Museums to witness the work of the Popes as art patrons.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Self-Portrait

Image via Wikipedia

4. Tour Baroque Rome (Il Barocco) which thrived in the 1600s dominated by architects like Borromini and Bernini. Baroque Rome includes: Palazzo del Quirinale, residence of the President of the Republic;  Piazza Navona and the Four Rivers Fountain; and Borromini’s church of St. Ivo alla Sapienza and Palazzo Spada.

Walk in the footsteps of Gian Lorenzo Bernini at to Piazza Navona and then visit the elephant Obelisk in front of S. Maria sopra Minerva.

The Pulcino della Minerva, a famous Gian Loren...

The Pulcino della Minerva, a famous Gian Lorenzo Bernini elephant sculpture, a base supporting one of the eleven Egyptian obelisks in Rome. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This period in Rome celebrates the contributions of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio. To witness his genius, visit San Luigi dei Francesi, Sant’Agostino and Santa Maria del Popolo. Visit the Galleria Borghese, a treasure trove of Baroque in Rome.

 

Roma, Villa Borghese, Galleria Borghese, facciata.

Roma, Villa Borghese, Galleria Borghese, facciata. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Rape of Proserpina

The Rape of Proserpina (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

5. In the transition from Baroque to Neoclassicism, Rome re-created the Piazza del Popolo, and built the Vittorio Emanuele II monument known as Il Vittoriano).
6. The sights and sounds of Modern Rome surround you. On the southern bank of the Tiber River of you will find the newest bridge, it leads to Auditorium Parco della Musica, the MAXXI Museum of Contemporary Art designed Zaha Hadid and the Olympic Stadium.

Enjoy the food and wine in this glorious Eternal City alive with cultural centers and contemporary events including: the Borghese Gallery, the Doria Pamphilj Gallery, GNAM, the Macro, Scuderie del Quirinale, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Chiostro del Bramante, Villa Giulia, the Capitoline Museums, Palazzo Altemps, Palazzo Barberini, Palazzo Massimo, and Trajan’s Markets.

Check out the musical events: Teatro dell’Opera’s summer season at the Caracalla Baths; the orchestra at the National Academy of Santa Cecilia; the Teatro Brancaccio and Teatro Sistina for Broadway musicals and Shakespeare’s summer home in Villa Borghese’s Globe Theatre.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini,  Ecstasy of St. Teresa, ...

Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Ecstasy of St. Teresa, 1647-52 (Photo credit: profzucker)

Interior of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, Rome, Italy

Image via Wikipedia

I have written posts about all of these amazing periods, people and places. Read my blog posts and join me for a tour the Eternal City.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com

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17 Comments

Filed under Attractions in Rome near the Capitoline Museums, Italian Architecture, Italian art, Italy, Italy Travel Guides, Roman Amphitheater, Roman Architecture, Roman Emperors, Rome History, Rome Italy, Rome's Spectacular Piazzas

17 responses to “How to Decipher the Eternal City of Rome

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