Borromini’s Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane in Rome

English: Francesco Borromini - San Carlo alle ...

Image via Wikipedia

English: Elliptic dome of San Carlo alle Quatt...

English: Elliptic dome of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1638-1641) in Rome, designed by Francesco Borromini. Français : Dôme elliptique de l’église San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1638-1641) à Rome, dessinée par Francesco Borromini. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Sebastiano Giannini: Section of San C...

English: Sebastiano Giannini: Section of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, ca. 1730 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Plan of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontan...

English: Plan of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome, Italy Date: 1638-1641 Français : Plan de l’Église Saint-Charles-des-Quatre-Fontaines, construite par Francesco Borromini, Rome, Italie (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Rome), Borromi...

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Rome), Borromini; Panorama (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Interior of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Ro...

Interior of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome, Italy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Cloister of San Carlo alle Quattro Fo...

English: Cloister of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1638-1641) in Rome, designed by Francesco Borromini. Français : Cloître de l’église San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (1638-1641) à Rome, dessinée par Francesco Borromini. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Baroque Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane in Rome was Borromini‘s first independent commission.

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane 2

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane 2 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

San Carlo in Rome Italy

San Carlo in Rome Italy

The dome of the church by Borromini has intricate,  interlocking coffering composed of octagons, crosses and hexagons. These geometric shapes diminish in size as they rise to the glass window with the symbol of the Holy Spirit.

S. Carlo Vault, Rome by Francesco Borromini

Francesco Borromini
Image via Wikipedia
San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Rome), Borromini

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Rome), Borromini (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The charming, church is named for the four fountains, located at the intersection of the 4 corners of Via del Quirinale and Via Quattro Fontane. This intersection has four landmark fountains; one on each corner.

Francesco Borromini - San Carlo alle Quattro F...

Francesco Borromini – San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Rome. Interior. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The figures of the four fountains represent the River Tiber (the symbol of Rome); the River Arno the symbol of Florence; the Goddess Diana; the symbol of Chastity; and the Goddess Juno, the symbol of Strength.

River Fountain in Rome

The fountains of the Arno, Tiber, and Juno are the work of Domenico Fontana. The fountain of Diana was designed by the painter and architect Pietro.

Juno or Strength or a nymph representing a riv...

Image via Wikipedia

San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Rome), Borromi...

Image via Wikipedia

The church’s bi-level, tiered façade conceals an elliptical shaped interior.

San Carlo in Rome Italy

A statue of Saint Charles Borromeo by Antonio Raggi  is above the main entrance surrounded by St. John of Matha and St. Felix of Valois, the founders of the Trinitarian Order.

The church has magnificent works of art.

San Carlo art in Rome Italy

English: Stone emblem of the Trinitarian Order...

Image via Wikipedia

The statue of the Tiber river can be seen at the lower left of the facade of the church of the  Trinitarian Order.

The church has a  two-story cloister with porticos, arches and loggias.  The sacristy has a potrait of Borromini.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com

Related articles
Enhanced by Zemanta
Advertisements

4 Comments

Filed under Borromini's churches in Rome, Churches in Rome, Italy Travel Guides, Rome History, Rome Italy, Sacred Art in Rome

4 responses to “Borromini’s Church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane in Rome

  1. Pingback: Bernini’s Church of Sant’ Andrea al Quirinale in Rome was his Favorite | Vino Con Vista Italy Travel Guides and Events

  2. Pingback: How to Decipher the Eternal City of Rome | Vino Con Vista Italy Travel Guides and Events

  3. Pingback: Historic Rome: A UNESCO Site in Italy | Vino Con Vista Italy Travel Guides and Events

  4. Pingback: Historic Rome: A UNESCO Site in Italy | Vino Con Vista Italy Travel Guides and Events

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s