Tag Archives: Barcelona

Give Your Sweetie a Rose on Saint Jordi’s Day in Barcelona Spain

Saint George and the Dragon at Casa Amatller

Image via Wikipedia

Once upon a time in the town of Montblanc in Catalunya, a terrible dragon terrorized the inhabitants. A lottery system was generated to appease the dragon. The system sacrificed one of the town residents to the dragon. Unfortunately, one day the princess won the lottery and had to be sacrificed. She was rescued from the dragon’s wrath by a handsome knight in shining armour named Jordi (George).

Saint George (Saint Jordi) is the patron saint of Catalonia. Saint Jordi’s Day in Barcelona Spain is a Catalon Holiday that celebrates the chivalrous efforts of dragon-slaying, damsel- in-distress rescuing Saint George. On April 23rd,  six million roses will change hands in Barcelona when men become knights for a day. They will give their sweetie a single rose to honor Saint George, the patron saint and protector of the inhabitants of Catalonia who rescued the princess from the terrible dragon. He gave her a red rose plucked from a rose bush that sprouted from the dragons blood after the dragon was killed by St. Jordi’s mighty sword.

Català: Josep Puig i Cadafalch

Català: Josep Puig i Cadafalch (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On April 23rd, lovers walk arm in arm on Las Ramblas toward the sea or in the direction of Placa Catalunya gazing at the lovely flower stalls and visiting La Boqueria Market.

Barcelona Spain

St. Jordi's Day in Barcelona

Barcelona Spain

Lovers also stroll along the Passeig de Gracia buying books from street vendors and book stores. In 1923, the tradition of giving your damsel a rose was expanded. Damsels give their knight in shining armour a book, since April 23rd also coincides with the anniversary of the death of William Shakespear and Cervantes in 1616.

In Barcelona, visit Gaudi’s Casa Batllo (House of Bones) on Passeig de Gracia, 43. It is on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The magnificent art noveau structure is located on the “Block of Discord” with incredible buildings designed by famous architects like Josep Puig i Cadafalch, Lluis Domenech i Montaner and Enric Sagnier. Casa Batllo has a facade based on the Tale of Saint Jordi (Saint George). The bones of the dragon’s victims frame the elaborate windows of the facade. The facade is covererd with trencadis glazed mosaic tile. The roof  has a large arch that represents the scales of the dragon http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j31eZTrW0Ss.

St. Jordi's Day in Barcelona Spain

St. Jordi's Day in Barcelona Spain

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

Happy St. Jordi’s Day– “Felic Diada de Sant Jordi” from your Travel Buddies @ www.vino-con-vista.com.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides and Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites
 

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Gaudi’s Magnificent La Sagrada Familia is a Vino con Vista UNESCO Site in Barcelona Spain

Maqueta de la Sagrada Familia

Maqueta de la Sagrada Familia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Ventilation towers on the roof of Cas...

English: Ventilation towers on the roof of Casa Milà designed by Antoni Gaudi, Barcelona, Spain Français : Cheminées d’aération sur le toit de la Casa Milà réalisée par Antoni Gaudi, Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sagrada Família church, by Gaudí.

Image via Wikipedia

English: The Sagrada Familia viewed from Casa ...

English: The Sagrada Familia viewed from Casa Milà, Barcelona, Spain Français : La Sagrada Familia vue de la Casa Milà, Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Español: Gaudí y el nuncio Ragonesi visitan la...

Español: Gaudí y el nuncio Ragonesi visitan la Sagrada Familia (1915). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Sculpture of Philip the Apostle on a ...

English: Sculpture of Philip the Apostle on a tower of the Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain Français : Sculpture de l’Apôtre Philippe sur une des tours de la Sagrada Familia, Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Español: Fachada del Nacimiento, Sagrada Famil...

Español: Fachada del Nacimiento, Sagrada Familia (Barcelona). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are seven properties built by the renowned architect Antoni Gaudí (1852–1926) in or near Barcelona that have been classified as UNESCO sites. Barcelona is blessed with the legacy of this incredible man in the same way that the city of Rome is blessed with Bernini‘s legacy.

His exceptional masterpieces yield harmonious colors and fluid lines that are a testiment to his creative genius. He contributed to the development of architecture and building technology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Antoni Gaudí, Casa Batlló

Antoni Gaudí, Casa Batlló (Photo credit: profzucker)

The UNESCO monuments include: Casa Vicens; Gaudí’s work on the Nativity façade and Crypt of La Sagrada Familia; Casa Batlló; and the Crypt in Colonia Güell. His works demonstrate “el Modernisme of Catalonia.”

Antoni Gaudi was born in Reus in 1852, a small town south of Barcelona. He died in an accident in 1926.

Interior del Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada F...

Interior del Templo Expiatorio de la Sagrada Familia en Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

His major feat was his association with the church of Sagrada Familia that was started by the architect Francesc de P. del Villar in 1882 in Gothic revival style. In 1883, Gaudi made fundamental changes to the project and he continued working on the church based on a Latin cross, until his death. Visit the museum under the church that chronicles Gaudi’s contributions including his models and his original drawings.

Détail de la Sagrada Familia de Gaudi à Barcelone

Détail de la Sagrada Familia de Gaudi à Barcelone (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Gaudi’s vision has been realized http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=irlQiGnUuMQ. The passionate commitment of the heroic efforts of people involved in building this magnificent church will make you weep.

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain Sagrada Familia

Sagrada Familia in Barcelona Spain

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

The church has three facades: The Nativity to the east, the Passion facade on the west and the Glory facade on the south which has not been completed. The Glory facade will explain the life and the end of man presided over by St. Joseph in his workshop. Watch a brief video to see the magnificent structure http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hskV6b9SwPA.

Español: Busto de Gaudí, Joan Matamala, Museo ...

Español: Busto de Gaudí, Joan Matamala, Museo de la Sagrada familia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The influencial architect has the most influence on the Nativity facade. It was built between 1894 and 1930. It is dedicated to the birth of Jesus and is decorated with ornate sculptures and faces the rising sun to the northeast. It is divided into three porticos that represent faith, hope and charity. The Tree of Life rises above the door. The facade includes different episodes of the Childhood of Jesus including the Immaculate Conception.

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

Nativity Facade

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

Sagrada Familia Church in Barcelona Spain

The Passion facade has gaunt, skeletal characters which were designed by Josep Maria Subirachs. His hard llines represent the pain and final scrifice of the life of Jesus. A crucified Christ presides over the central door surrounded by the people that were present at his agony. Three Lati nwords appear on this facade: Veritas, Vida and Via because Jesus is the Way. The work was completed in 1978. The Last Supper and the Kiss of Judas are sculpted into the facade that is supported by six columns designed to resemble sequoia trunks.

Sagrada Familia in Barcelona Spain

Passion Facade of Sagrada Familia in Barcelona

Kiss of Judas

Passion Facade of Sagrada Familia in Barcelona

Barcelona Spain

Gaudi's Sagrada Familia

The stratospheric magnificence of the ornamentation of the  interior of the church is breath-taking. The ceiling soars with a central vault of sixty meters crowned by Christ ascending into Heaven over the main altar. The Church was consecrated by the Pope in November of 2010 so you can plan your wedding ASAP.

Happy Travels from your friends at www.vino-con-vista.com.

Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites

Gaudi's Barcelona Spain

The Ascension of Jesus Christ

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona's Sagrada Familia Church

The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Barcelona Spain

Stained Glass in Sagrada Familia

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Sumptuous Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona Spain: Cathedral of the Sea

Gothic Church of Santa Maria del Mar

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona SpainI love the Sumptuous Santa Maria dei Mar cathedral in Barcelona Spain; also known as Cathedral of the Sea in Catalonia.

Catalonia was part of the great Aragonese maritime power and at one time it was one of the most prosperous cities in the Mediterranean. The foundation stone of the church was laid by King Alfonso IV of Aragon and the Catalan Gothic church was built between 1329 and 1383. In 1428 an earthquake destroyed the rose window on the west end of the church. It was replaced in the 15th century with a Gothic window. Outside the church, visit the trendy Passeig del Born with plenty of shopping and Vino con Vista opportunities.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes travel guides at www.vino-con-vista.com.
 

Barcelona Spain Santa Maria del Mar

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Alghero’s Cathedral of Santa Maria in Italy

Catalan Gothic cathedral's bell tower in Alghe...

Image via Wikipedia

Alghero is a beautiful coastal city of medieval origin situated in the northwestern coral coast of Sardinia. This town is 300 miles off the coast of Spain near Barcelona. They speak Italian as well as Catalan.

The recently refurbished cathedral of Santa Maria (Cattedrale di Santa Maria Immacolata di Alghero)  stands in Piazza del Duomo on Via Sant’Erasmo. Some of its oldest structures provide an outstanding example of the late Catalan-Gothic period.  This cathedral has been the bishop’s seat since 1503.

Door of the Cathedral’s Bell Tower in Alghero Sardinia

This cathedral is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It has an elaborate apse and an octagonal bell tower with a pyramidal cuspid. Some of the construction has dramatically transformed the interior and the façade. The original facade was replaced in 1862. The changes include four neo-classical Doric Columns supporting a triangular pediment  and a new central staircase.

The bell-tower is behind the church. It was part of the first phase of late Gothic construction and was modeled after the Cathedral of Barcelona. It has an octagonal barrel and pointed arch openings. It is crowned with a slender pyramid-shaped spire with polychrome majolica that is commonly used in Catalonia.  The distinctive Gothic  bell tower can be visited during high season.

Campanile of Santa Maria Cathedral in Alghero Sardinia

In 1503 Pope Julius II  implemented a major overhaul of the dioceses of Sardinia. He was supported in his efforts by King Ferdinand II. The first part of the building was finished during the first half of the XVI century and Alghero’s noble families guaranteed the financing needed to complete the project.

alghero Sardinia

Ornate lions in the cathedral of Alghero

The Cathedral was consecrated in 1730; 400 years after its foundation.  It houses the neoclassical marble mausoleum of the Duke of Monferrato, brother of King Carlo Felice  of Savoy, who died in 1799. This  mausoleum was sculpted by Felice Festa in 1807.

The interior space has three naves, separated by pillars and columns.  There are six chapels adorned with interesting sacred art. The first chapel to the right is dedicated to the Blessed Sacrament and it has an imposing altar consecrated in 1824. The carved marble is decorated the center with a circular temple reminiscent of the Temple of Vesta in Rome.

The Virgin protects the sailors in Alghero Sardinia

The Baptism in Alghero’s Cathedral

The presbytery has five chapels which include the base of the bell tower. It is surrounded by a balustrade, made ​​of inlaid marble with a coral hue. On the sides of the stairway to the altar there are two marble lions that resemble their kindred spirits in the Cathedral of Cagliari.

The balustrated high altar has a group of sculptures depicting the Immaculate Conception accompanied by angels.

The main altar of the cathedral in Alghero Sardinia

There is an elegant pulpit . Behind the wooden choir, in the apse there are five Gothic radial chapels.

Cathedral of Alghero Sardinia

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides available @ www.vino-con-vista.com

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I Love Antoni Gaudi’s Amazing UNESCO “Vino con Vista” Park Guell in Barcelona Spain

English: Image of the multi coloured mosaic dr...

English: Image of the multi coloured mosaic dragon fountain at the main entrance to Park Guell in Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

barcelona españa park guell architecture gaudi...

barcelona españa park guell architecture gaudi master piece arquitectura obra maestra color (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Gaudi

Gaudi (Photo credit: Heesterbeek Ineke)

English: Portrait photograph of Antoni Placid ...

English: Portrait photograph of Antoni Placid Gaudí i Cornet. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ceiling Mosaic Tile

Ceiling Mosaic Tile (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Figurine by Antoni Gaudí in Parc Güell

Figurine by Antoni Gaudí in Parc Güell (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona is privileged to be the renowned city of the some of the seven seductive architectural UNESCO jewels of Antoni Gaudi.  Antoni Gaudi was commissioned by his patron, Eusebi Guell to create the Park Guell between 1900 and 1914. The design of the park follows the lines of an English Garden and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In 1884, Gaudi designed the pavilions of the Guell estate, with a lodge and stables as well as a spectacular dragon gate. The Parc Guell ia a garden-city of 60 lots. In the center of Park Guell is the Casa Museu Gaudi. Gaudi lived here until his death in 1926. The house contains paintings, personal objects and momentos.

Park Guell in Barcelona Spain

Gaudi lived here until 1926

Gaudi's Park Guell in BarcelonaGaudi's Park Guell in Barcelona

At the entrance of the Park Guell everyone loves to have their picture taken with Gaudi’s “Great Dragon” who protects the subterranean waters. The dragon is above a huge cistern. After taking your cursory photo with the dragon, walk up to the Hypostyle Chamber, “The Sala de les cent columnes” that are formed by 86 Doric-inspired columns. It was designed as a food market and offers outstanding acoustics for live music. It supports the esplanade above it with incredible mosaic benches that generate the perfect “Vino con Vista” view of the park.

Gaudi's Park Guell in Barcelona SpainPar Guell in Barcelona

Gaudi's Park Guell in BarcelonaGaudi's Park Guell in BarcelonaGaudi's emblematic genius

The benches in the park are in incredible sight to behold. They compose a collage of intricate fragments of Manises ceramic tile work. The serpentine bench plays an important role in collecting and diverting rainwater. The viaducts and columns throughout the park, accommodate the uneven terrain for pedestrians and carriages. The retaining walls were built with brick and then covered with stone to achieve aestetic harmony throughout the park.

Gaudi's Park Guell

The dome of the Gatehouse is covered with coffee cups.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero is a college professor and writes Travel Guide Books @

www.vino-con-vista.com. Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites
 

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Barcelona’s Beautiful Gothic “La Seu” Cathedral is Dedicated to Saint Eulalia

Cathedral of Barcelona before 2007 restoration...

Cathedral of Barcelona before 2007 restoration Español: Catedral de Barcelona antes de la restauración de 2007 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Ita...

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Italiano: la Cattedrale di Santa Eulalia a Barcellona nella Spagna ; Español: la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Português: A Catedral de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Català: la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Ita...

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Italiano: la Cattedrale di Santa Eulalia a Barcellona nella Spagna ; Español: la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Português: A Catedral de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Català: la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Ita...

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Italiano: la Cattedrale di Santa Eulalia a Barcellona nella Spagna ; Español: la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Português: A Catedral de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Català: la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Cloister of Cathedral of Barcelona in...

English: Cloister of Cathedral of Barcelona in Barcelona. ; Français : Le cloître de la Cathédrale Sainte-Eulalie de Barcelone à Barcelone ; Català: el claustre de la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona ; Español: claustro de la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Claustro, Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona

Claustro, Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alabaster sarcophagus of Saint Eulalia of Barc...

Alabaster sarcophagus of Saint Eulalia of Barcelona in the crypt of Barcelona Cathedral (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Cathedral of Santa Eulalia

English: Cathedral of Santa Eulalia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Crypt of Santa Eulalia in Cathedral o...

English: Crypt of Santa Eulalia in Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, Barcelona, Spain Français : Crypte de Sainte-Eulalie dans la cathédrale Sainte-Eulalie de Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Gargoyle on Cathedral of Santa Eulali...

English: Gargoyle on Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, Barcelona, Spain Français : Gargouille sur la cathédrale Sainte-Eulalie de Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Barcelona Spain

The majestic Gothic Cathedral in Barcelona is located in the Plaça de la Seu, in the Barri Gotic district; the historic Gothic Quarter of Barcelona. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona Spain. The city’s gothic cathedral is known as La Seu. The first stone of the current church was laid in the 13th century, but the cathedral was not completed until the early 20th century.

La Seu was named after Barcelona’s patron saint Eulalia. The official name is Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulalia which is Catalan for Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia.
 The commonly used name La Seu refers to the status of the church as the seat of the diocese. In 343 A.D. during the Roman Empire, a basilica was built at the site of the current cathedral. In 985 the basilica was destroyed by the Moors. It was replaced by a Roman cathedral, built between 1046 and 1058. A Roman chapel, the Capella de Santa Llucia, was added between 1257 and 1268. It was later incorporated in the cloister next to the cathedral.

In 1298, construction of the gothic cathedral started under King Jaume II, known as ‘”The Just.”  During the construction of the gothic cathedral, the existing roman building was demolished except for the Santa Llucia chapel. It was built between the 13th and 15th centuries over the crypt above the high altar of a former Visigothic chapel dedicated to Saint James. This was originally the church of the Viscounts of Barcelona. The Cathedral is located on a charming street that frequently hosts concerts and popular events.

The La Seu Cathedral at night, Barcelona

Civil wars and the Black Death delayed construction. In 1460 the main building was completed and the gothic facade was finished  in 1889. The central spire  is 230 feet tall and was completed in 1913. The design of both the facade and the spire were based on the original design from 1408 by the French architect Charles Galters.
The interior consists of one wide nave with 28 side chapels. The crypt contains the sarcophagus of Santa Eulalia. The cathedral also has a beautifully carved choir. An elevator in the northeast of the cathedral brings you to the cathedral’s roof.
La Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia (...

La Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia (también llamada, en lugar de catedral, Seo, o Seu en catalán) es la catedral gótica de Barcelona, sede del arzobispado de Barcelona de España. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Adjacent to the cathedral is a 14th century cloister. There are always 13 geese in its central courtyard. Each goose represents one year in the life of the martyr Santa Eulalia, a young girl tortured to death in the 4th century by the Romans for her religion. The cloister also contains a small museum with liturgist artifacts.

The distinctive roof is covered with gargoyles and features a wide range of animals. Take the elevator to the top of the cathedral for a panoramic “Vino con Vista” view of Barcelona. It is dedicated to Saint Eulalia who is entombed in the Cathedral’s crypt that contains the marble sarcophagus of the saint sculpted by Nicolas Pisano.

Barcelona Spain

She was martyred during Roman times in 304, under the reign of Emperor Diocletian when the enraged Romans put the 13 year old girl in a barrel with knifes and rolled her down the street. The street is now named “Baixada de Santa Eulalia” (Saint Eulalia’s Descent). Her Feast day is February 12th. She is the co-patron saint of Barcelona with Saint George. She is also the patron saint of sailors. There 28 magnificent side chapels are brimming with treasures. Look up at the ceiling to admire the interesting vault keystones.  The church is loaded with interesting art and artifacts.

Church of Santa Maria del Pei

Barcelona SpainSaint EulaliaGothic Cathedral in Barcelona Spain

Saint Eulalia Cathedral

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

The choir stalls retain the coat-of-arms of the Knights of the Golden Fleece held in 1519. The head of a Turk who was decapitated in the Batilla de Lepanto hangs from the monumental organ.

There is an interesting copy of the Black Virgin of Montserrat in one of the side chapels. When you finish touring the Cathedral have a Vino con Vista in a nearby cafe.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero is a college professor and writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com.

Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites
 

Santa Eulalia Cathedral in Barcelona

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The Incredible Pablo Picasso Exhibition in Amsterdam and Barcelona

Pablo Picasso.

Image via Wikipedia

Pablo Picasso‘s “Blue Period” and “Rose Period” produced some of his most treasured works of art. Visit his “Picasso in Paris 1900-1907″ Exhibition in Amsterdam at the Van Gogh Museum to see two of my favorite Picasso paintings: “Waiting (Margot)” from 1901 and “The Embrace” from 1900. “The Embrace” reminds me of another one of my favorite paintings by Hayez “Il Bacio” (The Kiss) in Milan.

 The seminal works in this Exhibition will travel to Barcelona this summer. Six of the eight most expensive Picasso paintings sold were painted during this period of his life prior to the cubist period. One of my favorites from his Cubist period is “Guernica” (1937) in Madrid at the Reina Sofia Modern Art Museum http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xQ_uGbQanNw&feature=related.

The unknown 19 year old artist from Barcelona traveled to Paris in 1900 with his Catalan friend Carlos Casagemas and moved to Montmartre. Pablo was the son of a professor at the School of Fine Arts in Spain. He attended the prestigious Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid where he frequented the Prado Museum. He was inspired by the work of El Greco. He became a favorite of American art collectors Leo and Gertrude Stein who became the young artist’s principal patrons.

Picasso’s artistic mind generated radical new works of art that inspired his followers. He was the co-founder of Cubism with George Braque. This methodology reduced and fractured items into geometric forms and ultimately inspired surrealists like Salvidor Dali. Dr. Eveann Lovero writes Travel Guides to Italy and Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites
 

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